Week 2: Biological and Cognitive Development

This week’s readings were focused on Biological and Cognitive Development. One of the first things I learned were about the different types of cognitive loads. The three types of cognitive loads being: Intrinsic, Extraneous, and Germane. Intrinsic is unavoidable and essential for processing for materials. Extraneous is manageable but unhelpful because little to no learning happens. Germane is one of the best types because it required deep processing which leads to better understanding and learning. Another thing I learned were the different kinds of knowledge in long-term memory. The three kinds of knowledge are Declarative, Procedural, and Conditional. All three types of knowledge we use but each has their uses. Declarative knowledge are things we tend to learn in school such as grammar or lines in books. Procedural knowledge are the things we learn with consistent practice like driving. Conditional knowledge are how we teach ourselves certain things to improve ourselves such as knowing which equations to use in math to solve the problems properly. A mnemonic  device I learned was the keyword method involving the ‘3 Rs’. Recode, Relate, and Retrieve. This involves using keywords and definitions to help remember.

Connections I made were to my past classes in high school and university. The first was in my grade 9 class. My teacher was telling us about our “memory jungles” and that was where everything we learn is and that we never truly forget. She had 10 items she showed us and told us to remember. We did it multiple times over a couple of days and I can still recall some of the items to this day.

The other connection I made was from my psychology class in university. In the class, we went over some over a few of the ways that we can learn how to remember. Two of the ways were ‘chunking’ and ‘acronyms’ both of which were covered in the reading. Chunking did not personally help me but acronyms did. One of the most common acronyms is ‘ROY G BIV’ for the colors of the rainbow.

One question I have after reading is it possible to forget an automated basic skill since it is performed without conscious thought?


One thought on “Week 2: Biological and Cognitive Development

  1. Hi Brody,
    Your blog was a fun read. I personally find chunking easier to work with rather than acronyms. I guess that is the beauty in diverse learners. I also think the 3 R’s is a good tool because it causes us to think, apply, and retrieve. In response to your question, I feel that a basic skill may be forgotten. circumstances include maybe being paralyzed/in an accident and unable to walk. No matter how much you try, you may have to start all over again to regain that strength in order to walk. Sometimes when one thinks about breathing (which is generally automatic) they have to think about breathing-in order to breath! Also, would driving standard be of a basic skill? I drive both standard and automatic but as soon as my boyfriend drives my automatic car he looks for the clutch with his foot. Is it just that he forgot he was in an automatic? Or was it that because he forgot a basic skill? My question also to you is that with these basic skills, can we skip a beat and forget them but within seconds remember them again? (He finally figured out he was driving an automatic by the way…) What do you define as forgetting… completely forgetting or just forgetting then having that aha moment and remembering what you are doing? Nice work. You got my brain working.

    Liked by 1 person

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