This week’s readings were focused on Biological and Cognitive Development. One of the first things I learned were about the different types of cognitive loads. The three types of cognitive loads being: Intrinsic, Extraneous, and Germane. Intrinsic is unavoidable and essential for processing for materials. Extraneous is manageable but unhelpful because little to no learning happens. Germane is one of the best types because it required deep processing which leads to better understanding and learning. Another thing I learned were the different kinds of knowledge in long-term memory. The three kinds of knowledge are Declarative, Procedural, and Conditional. All three types of knowledge we use but each has their uses. Declarative knowledge are things we tend to learn in school such as grammar or lines in books. Procedural knowledge are the things we learn with consistent practice like driving. Conditional knowledge are how we teach ourselves certain things to improve ourselves such as knowing which equations to use in math to solve the problems properly. A mnemonic device I learned was the keyword method involving the ‘3 Rs’. Recode, Relate, and Retrieve. This involves using keywords and definitions to help remember.
Connections I made were to my past classes in high school and university. The first was in my grade 9 class. My teacher was telling us about our “memory jungles” and that was where everything we learn is and that we never truly forget. She had 10 items she showed us and told us to remember. We did it multiple times over a couple of days and I can still recall some of the items to this day.
The other connection I made was from my psychology class in university. In the class, we went over some over a few of the ways that we can learn how to remember. Two of the ways were ‘chunking’ and ‘acronyms’ both of which were covered in the reading. Chunking did not personally help me but acronyms did. One of the most common acronyms is ‘ROY G BIV’ for the colors of the rainbow.
One question I have after reading is it possible to forget an automated basic skill since it is performed without conscious thought?